If yesterday we talked about Travertines in pamukkale, and now with the same place we will tell you about Hierapolis. Hierapolis is an ancient town that stood during the roman empire and the Byzantine empire. Called Hierapolis because there was once here Hiera temple (one of the Greek gods). Here we can find the remains of collapsed buildings, cathedrals, temples, walls, pillars, amphitheaters, and old tombs (the necropolis). Hierapolis is so vast, we had to walk for more than 2 hours to explore this historic place.
In the foreground of this picture are the remains of the Apollo Temple. Its foundations date to the Hellenistic period, but the structure itself was built in the 3rd century AD. Apollo was thought to be the city’s divine founder. The temple was built beside the plutonium, an underground cavern from which poisonous gases emerged. The city’s theater stands in the background.
Hierapolis is one of the finest examples of Roman theaters extant theater. Leaning against the hillside to be part of the audience that he has a long service life. Crashed through the roof of the building is a part of the scene in general can be seen in the main sections are intact. Two levels of the theater. There are 22 well as the lower level. There are 26 well as the upper level. Strong administrative monitoring section made of marble seats. Drop off mid-vaulted passageways have survived both directions. Finished height of the stage building is estimated to be about 49 feet. Theatre personality around 10.000.
Another prominent archaeological aspect of Hierapolis is the necropolis, located just outside the northern city walls. Here lies one of the largest and best-preserved cemeteries in all of Turkey. It contains sarcophagi, many different types of tombs, and funeral monuments dating from the Hellenistic until the early Christian times. There are also numerous inscriptions here, more than 300 of which have been translated and published.
In the city centre, structures a cathedral, a church with pillars are present. Two other churches belonging to the 6th and 7th centuries, with smaller chapels are situated at the northern end of the city.